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Conflicts and talks between FARC & gov't

CCTV.com

09-27-2016 10:17 BJT

The signing of the peace deal ends a half-century military conflict. Here's a brief look at the conflicts between the FARC and the government, and the efforts to end the fighting.

The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia launched its war on the Colombian government in 1964.  It was the largest and best equipped anti-government military force in the country.

The FARC now has about 8 thousand members. Its operations have been funded by kidnap and ransom of key political figures, and involvement in the production, and distribution of illegal drugs.

In 2002, the group kidnapped presidential candidate Ingrid Betancourt. She remained in captivity for 6 years until she was rescued by government forces in 2008.

In the 52 years of conflict, more than 200,000 people have been killed, and about 7 million uprooted.

Talks failed to get anywhere until November 2012, when a new round opened in Cuba.

In March 2013, a fifth round of talks made significant progress. The two sides reached preliminary consensus on land reform.

In September 2015 came a breakthrough with an agreement on the judicial transition process.

The ceasefire was signed on June the 23rd, 2016 in Havana.

Last month, the two sides concluded a final, 297-page accord.

"Thanks to the delegates' efforts at the negotiating table for promoting the agreement on the accord. The talks are over. The terms have been finalized," said Juan Manuel Santos, Colombian President. 

"I repeat, talks on a comprehensive peace agreement have concluded. The content of the accord has been finalized with no more change."

Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos and Commander in Chief of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) Timoleon Jimenez attend the signing ceremony of the final peace agreement between the Colombian government and the FARC, in Cartagena, Colombia, Sept. 26, 2016. Juan Manuel Santos and Timoleon Jimenez signed a historic peace deal Monday afternoon in Cartagena, ending a 52-year conflict. (Xinhua/Jhon Paz)

Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos and Commander in Chief of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) Timoleon Jimenez attend the signing ceremony of the final peace agreement between the Colombian government and the FARC, in Cartagena, Colombia, Sept. 26, 2016. Juan Manuel Santos and Timoleon Jimenez signed a historic peace deal Monday afternoon in Cartagena, ending a 52-year conflict. (Xinhua/Jhon Paz)


 

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